1500: Emperor Maximilian I and the Origins of the "Bibliotheca Regia"

Maximilian I (1459–1519), known as the "Last Knight", succeeded his father, Frederick III, as King of the Romans in 1493, and as Holy Roman Emperor in 1508. He himself was the author and co-author of works related to his biography and systematically added to his father’s library. Fervently interested in the arts and sciences, he was in contact with leading contemporary scholars and artists. His sophisticated book projects included such works as The Triumph of Emperor Maximilian I (with A. Altdorfer, A. Dürer, H. Burgkmair), Theuerdank (a biographical novel about his journey to his bride in Burgundy), The White King, the sumptuous Tomb of Maximilian, and his Arsenal Books.

Through his marriage to Mary of Burgundy (1457–1482), important works of Burgundian and Northern French book art passed into the possession of the Habsburg family. The book treasure from Burgundy, which was worth 100,000 guilders at the time, was the equivalent of an eighth of the entire dowry brought into the marriage by Mary of Burgundy. This treasure, which only arrived in Vienna in 1581, included such magnificent manuscripts as the Book of Hours of Mary of Burgundy, the Chronicles of Jerusalem, and the Statute Book of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Through Emperor Maximilian’s second wife, Bianca Maria Sforza (1472–1510), masterpieces of Italian book art in her possession were incorporated into the library.

In addition to Austrian manuscripts produced at the court’s illumination workshop, examples of Bohemian, French, and Italian book art representing the most important developments in European book illumination were kept at the imperial library. Maximilian I moved parts of the library to Wiener Neustadt, while other parts were stored at the castles in Vienna and, starting around 1500, Innsbruck.

Alert
Reading rooms at Heldenplatz and the departments

Due to maintenance work, the reading rooms at Heldenplatz and all departments will be closed from Thursday, July 25 to Monday, August 5, 2024.

Due to the shutdown of the ordering system, no media orders can be accepted from Wednesday, July 24, 2024, 4 pm to Friday, August 2, 2024, 4 pm. The first book collection will take place again on Monday, August 5, 2024.

State Hall

Due to an event, the State Hall will be closed on August 28, 2024.