1899: The Karabacek Period
During his term of office (1899–1917), Joseph von Karabacek, an orientalist, papyrologist, and numismatist, successfully implemented pioneering improvements. Through his agency it became possible to acquire Archduke Rainer’s important collection of papyri, which laid the basis for today’s world-famous Papyrus Museum and the Austrian National Library’s papyrus collection.
Under Karabacek’s direction it was for the first time that women were admitted as trainees, although they were not yet employed as research personnel.
The turmoil caused by World War I considerably hampered the court library’s work. Nevertheless Karabacek managed to implement important architectural and administrative measures, introduce new magazines, and even compile an exhibition on the art of bookmaking in the war year of 1916.
» 1920: The Court Library Becomes the National Library